Soal Latihan dan Pembahasan UTBK TPS Bahasa Inggris 2022
Carisemuaja – Pada artikel ini akan dibagikan soal UTBK TPS Bahasa Inggris yang bisa dijadikan referensi untuk latihan menghadapi UTBK SBMPTN yang sesungguhnya. Berikut soal dan pembahasan nya.
Teks Ini untuk menjawab soal nomor 1-3
Parents send their children to school with the best of intentions, believing that formal education is what kids need to become productive, happy adults. Many parents do have qualms about how well schools are performing, but the conventional wisdom is that these issues can be resolved with more money, better teachers, more challenging curricula, or more rigorous tests.
But what if the real problem is school itself? The unfortunate fact is that one of our most cherished is, by its very nature, failing our children and our society. Children are required to be in school, where their freedom is greatly restricted, far more than most adults would tolerate in their workspaces.
In recent decades, we have been compelling them to spend ever more time in this kind of setting, and there is strong evidence that this is causing psychological damage to many of them. And as scientists have investigated how children naturally learn, they have realized that kids do so most deeply and fully, and with greatest enthusiasm, in conditions that are almost opposite to those of school. Compulsory education has been a ixture of our culture now for several generations. President Obama and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan are so enamored of it that they want even longer school days and years.
Most people assume that the basic design of today’s school emerged from scientiic evidence about how children learn. But nothing could be further from the truth. Schools as we know them today are a product of history, not of research. The blueprint for them was developed during the Protestant Reformation, when schools were created to teach children to read the Bible, to believe Scripture without questioning it, and to obey authority igures without questioning them.
When schools were taken over by the state, made compulsory, and directed toward secular ends, the basic structure and methods of teaching remained unchanged. Subsequent attempts at reform have failed because they have not altered basic blueprint.
The top down, teach-and-test method, in which learning is motivated by a system of reward and punishments rather than by curiosity or by any real desire to know, is well designed for indoctrination and obedience training but not much else. It is no wonder that many of the world’s greatest entrepreneurs and innovators either left school early (like Thomas Edison) or said they hated school and learned despite it, not because of it (like Albert Einstein).
(Adapted from http:/www.rd.com/advice/parenting/Americanschoolsystemdamagingkids/ #ixzz2q3SLk4Hn. Accessed February 12, 2014)
1. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To remind American parent that the formal school is basically a product of culture.
B. To tell the readers that formal schools in the USA have been constantly developed for a long time.
C. To discuss if the American school system is truly efective to educate children.
D. To review how compulsory education in the USA has met parents’ expectation.
Jawaban : C
Teks tersebut bertujuan untuk membahas apakah sistem sekolah Amerika benar-benar efektif untuk mendidik anak-anak. Hal ini secara tersirat terdapat dalam kalimat “But what if the real problem is school itself? The unfortunate fact is that one of our most cherished is, by its very nature, failing our children and our society.” (Paragraf 1) dan “It is no wonder that many of the world’s greatest entrepreneurs and innovators either left school early (like Thomas Edison) or said they hated school and learned despite it, not because of it (like Albert Einstein).” (Paragraf 4)
2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “qualms” (paragraf 1)?
qualms = doubts (keraguan)
remarks = statements (pernyataan)
requests = demands (permintaan)
views = opinions (pandangan/pendapat)
beliefs = trust (kepercayaan)
3. What is the topic of the text above?
A. Parents’ expectation on reformation in American school system.
B. Doubts on the efectiveness of American schools systems.
C. Restrictions on children’s freedom at the US schools.
D. Regulations for American children to stay longer at schools.
Jawaban : b
Topik dari teks adalah keraguan terhadap efektiitas sistem sekolah Amerika. Hal ini terdapat pada kalimat kedua paragraf pertama yang menyatakan “Many parents do have qualms about how well schools are performing, …” (Banyak orang tua benar-benar meragukan seberapa baik performa sekolah, …)
Teks ini untuk menjawab pertanyaan 4-5
The modern period of civil right reform in the US can be divided into several phases, each beginning with isolated, small scale protests and ultimately resulting in the emergence of new, more militant movements, leaders and organizations.
The Brown decision demonstrated that the litigation strategy of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) could undermine the legal foundations of southern segregationist practices, but the strategy worked only when blacks, acting individually or in small groups, assumed the risk associated with crossing racial barriers.
Thus, even after the Supreme Court declared that public school segregation was unconstitutional, black activism was necessary to compel the federal government to implement the decision and extend its principles to all areas of public life rather than simply in schools. During the 1950s and 1960s, therefore, NAACP-sponsored legal suits and legislative lobbying were supplemented by an increasingly massive and militant social movement seeking a broad range of social changes.
Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the initial phase of black protest activity in the post-Brown period began on December 1, 1955. Rosa Parks of Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white bus rider, there by defying a southern custom that required blacks to give seats toward the front of buses to whites. When she was jailed, a black community boycott of the city’s buses began. The boycott lasted more than a year, demonstrating the unity and determination of black residents and inspiring blacks elsewhere.
Martin Luther King, Jr., who emerged as the boycott movement’s most efective leader, possessed unique conciliatory and oratorical skills. He understood the larger signiicance of the boycott and quickly realized that the nonviolent tactics used by the Indian nationalist Mahatma Gandhi could be used by southern black. “I had come to see early that the Christian doctrine of love operating through the Gandhian method of non-violence was one of the most potent weapons available to the Negro in his struggle for freedom,” he explained. Although Parks and King were members of the NAACP, the Montgomery movement led to the creation in 1957 of a new regional organization, the clergy-led Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) with King as its president.
King remained the major spokesperson for black aspirations, but, as in Montgomery, little-known individuals initiated most subsequent black movement. On February 1, 1960, four freshmen at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College began a wave of student sit-ins designed to end segregation at southern lunch counters. These protests spread rapidly throughout the South and led to the founding, in April 1960, of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). This student-led group, even more aggressive in its use of nonviolent direct action tactics than King’s SCLC, stressed the development of autonomous local movements in contrast to SCLC’s strategy of using local campaigns to achieve national civil rights reform.
(Adapted from http://www.history.com. Accessed February 12, 2014)
4. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about Montgomery Bus Boycott?
A. The boycott lasted for a year.
B. It was a protest against the incarceration of black woman.
C. Some white people supported this boycott.
D. It marked the early period of black protest in the post Brown period.
Jawaban C (Some white people supported this boycott) tidak pernah disebutkan berkaitan dengan Montgomery Bus Boycott dalam pernyataan teks paragraph kedua:
“Rosa Parks of Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white bus rider, there by defying a southern custom that required blacks to give seats toward the front of buses to whites. When she was jailed, a black community boycott of the city’s buses began. The boycott lasted more than a year, demonstrating the unity and determination of black residents and inspiring blacks elsewhere”.
5. In which paragraphs of the text does the author mention the purposes of black activism during the 1960s?
Tujuan kegiatan dari para aktivis kulit hitam dituangkan oleh si penulis dalam paragraf ke-4 “This student-led group, even more aggressive in its use of nonviolent direct action tactics than King’s SCLC, stressed the development of autonomous local movements in contrast to SCLC’s strategy of using local campaigns to achieve national civil rights reform.” (Kelompok yang dipimpin oleh mahasiswa ini, bahkan lebih agresif dalam menggunakan taktik gerakan langsung tanpa kekerasan dari pada SCLC King, menekan perkembangan gerakan lokal otonom yang sangat berbeda dengan strateginya SCLC yang menggunakan kampanye-kampanye loka untuk mencapai reformasi hak asasi manusia secara nasional.)
Sekian beberapa soal latihan UTBK TPS Bahasa Inggris. Semoga Bermanfaat